Having giving away most of my scarves, a friend asked me to show all of my dyed scarves in one posting. So, here they are:
Fiber Reactive dyes (MX dyes)
Buckets for dye bath
Rod to hold fabric
Chairs or some sort of support to hold your rod
Pins or clamps
1. Wash the fabric in Blue Dawn (unless using PFD fabric). Note: Some instructions say to presoak the fabric in soda ash solution. I prefer not to do this to avoid too much color wicking up the wet fabric.
Katazome, is a Japanese method of dyeing fabrics using a resist paste applied through a stencil. With this kind of resist dyeing, a rice flour mixture is applied using a brush or spatula. Pigment, or dye, is then applied by hand-painting, immersion or both. Where the paste mixture covers and permeates the cloth, dye will not penetrate. One of the biggest attractions of katazome was that it provides and inexpensive way for an over-all pattern.
Traditional katazome is quite labour intensive.
|Traditional Katazome Stencil cutting|
In traditional Katazome, the stencil is made by bonding multiple layers of mulberry paper together and waterproofing with persimmon tannin, resulting in a strong, flexible brown colored paper. The intricate designs are then cut by hand with a knife. The resulting stencil is stabilized by overlaying with a fine net of silk.
This seemed way too complicated and time consuming. So, I decided to use an existing plastic stencil for my first trial. For additional stencils, I used my Cameo to cut custom designs.
|Nori Paste applied through a plastic stencil.
Far left shows Elmer’s School Glue drawn on.
Traditional Katazome paste is made using a complicated process (John Marshall has a very good description at http://www.johnmarshall.to/H-Resist.htm). While checking on-line for easier methods of making the paste resist, I found that Amazon carries a type of glue called Nori Glue that is made from rice and is water soluble. I purchase some and found that it was an inexpensive, easy and satisfactory paste resist.
I also tried Elmer’s school glue. This works well as a resist for drawing but was not a good stencil resist.
|Resulting fabric after dyeing with Purple Procion dye.|
I liked this technique. So, I decided to try making some scarves.
|Custom Stencil cut with Cameo|
This stuff is amazing! That’s how the description of the Jacquard Color Magnet starts on the Dharma Trading website. After reading that, I was intrigue and wanted to find out more .
Color magnet is a dye attractant that magically attracts more dye where it is applied, creating a unique, two-toned effect. The more dilute the dye, the greater the contrast of color. The color magnet has no binder, so it washes out completely after dyeing, leaving your fabric nicely colored but unchanged in how the fabric feels. The color magnet comes in two forms. A roller ball pen form that can be used for drawing or stenciling detail. And a one pound container that can be used for screen printing, painting or stenciling larger areas.
|Fabric recently splattered with Color Magnet|
|Fabric after dyeing with Golden Yellow|
More on the actual dyeing tomorrow.
A while ago, I had an idea for a knit infinity scarf. The lace pattern idea I thought would look nice. And, since I live in Minnesota, we have plenty of days when scarves are needed.
|Close up of Scarf #1|
Paton Lace Yarn, color Porcelain (35129), 2 skeins
Needles: US Size 3 circular needle
Gauge: 24 stitches and 38 rows/4 inches in stockinette stitch
Cast on 560 stitches and knit 38 rows following the pattern below.
Since I was using my own pattern, I wasn’t sure how the scarf would turn out. As I was finishing, the completed scarf appeared that it would measure 5″ x 100″. As I was binding off the stitches, I realized that this was too long for an infinity scarf. So, before binding off the entire scarf, I dropped some stitches in two areas to allow me to unravel a few sections. I then cut the unraveled sections into two pieces, 22″ and 72″. The longer piece was made into a scarf by tying knots at the edge of the knitting at each end. The ends of the shorter section were sewn together and lined with polar fleece to make a headband.
On a recent trip to New York City, I decided to try this pattern again with another skein of yarn, but using fewer stitches to be able to create a true infinity scarf.
Yarn Bee Lace Yarn, color Meadows (100), 1 skeins
Needles: US Size 3 circular needle
Gauge: 24 stitches and 34 rows/4 inches in stockinette stitch
The completed scarf measured 5″ x 62″.
Cast on 400 stitches and join for working in rounds. Make sure that the stitches do not twist when joining the first row.
Rows 1-8. Work ribbing, K1, P1 across each row.
Odd Rows 9 to 33. Knit across.
Row 10. (K2, K2Tog, yo, K1, yo, SSK, K3, K2tog, yo, K4) repeat 25 times.
Row 12. (K1, K2Tog, yo, K3, yo, SSK, K1, K2tog, yo, K5) repeat 25 times.
Row 14. (K2Tog, yo, K5, yo, SSK, K1, K2tog, yo, K4) repeat 25 times.
Row 16. (K1, K2Tog, yo, K3, yo, SSK, K1, K2tog, yo, K5) repeat 25 times.
Row 18. (K2, K2Tog, yo, K1, yo, SSK, K3, K2tog, yo, K4) repeat 25 times.
Row 20. (K3, yo, slip 1, K2Tog, psso, yo, K3, K2tog, yo, K5) repeat 25 times.
Repeat Rows 9 -18, ending with an odd row (knit across).
Rows 34-41. Work ribbing, K1, P1 across each row.
|It’s hard to see the lace pattern on this yarn.|
|But the infinity scarf is lovely!|